Get a Clue

(Weed)

Pin It

Published online: 17 Jun 2021 https://doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2021.1939881

Abstract

Introduction

On April 13, 2017, a bill to legalize cannabis was introduced to the Canadian Parliament and presented to the public. On October 17, 2018, Canada legalized recreational cannabis use. We assessed intoxication severity, reflected by ICU admission rates, risk factors and other characteristics in children who presented to the emergency department (ED) with cannabis intoxication, before and after legalization.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study of children 0–18 years who presented to a pediatric ED between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2019 with cannabis intoxication. The pre-legalization period was defined from January 1, 2008 to April 12, 2017 and the peri-post legalization period from April 13, 2017 to December 31, 2019.

Results

We identified 298 patients; 232 (77.8%) presented in the pre legalization period and 66 (22.1%) in the peri-post legalization period; median age: 15.9 years (range: 11 months–17.99 years). A higher proportion of children were admitted to the ICU in the peri–post legalization period (13.6% vs. 4.7%, respectively; p = .02). While the median monthly number of cannabis-related presentations did not differ between the time periods (2.1 [IQR:1.9–2.5] in the pre legalization period vs. 1.7 [IQR:1.0–3.0] in the peri-post legalization period; p = .69), the clinical severity did. The proportions of children with respiratory involvement (65.9% vs. 50.9%; p = .05) and altered mental status (28.8% vs. 14.2%; p < .01) were higher in the peri-post legalization period. The peri-post legalization period was characterized by more children younger than 12 years (12.1% vs. 3.0%; p = .04), unintentional exposures (14.4% vs, 2.8%; p = .002) and edibles ingestion (19.7% vs. 7.8%; p = .01). Edible ingestion was an independent predictor of ICU admission (adjusted OR: 4.1, 95%CI: 1.2–13.7, p = .02).

Conclusions

The recreational cannabis legalization in Canada is associated with increased rates of severe intoxications in children. Edible ingestion is a strong predictor of ICU admission in the pediatric population.

For complete research

International Academy on the Science and Impact of Cannabis

1asic

 

SAM

 

Frequently Asked Questions of Why We Are Opposed to Weed!

Get ya head straight!

Read More Now

cannabis info support

marvscn 350

 

video thumb

Marijuana Victims' Association
Windsor Morning

Busting the Myth
that Cannabis Doesn't Kill

  View Video 

Dr Kevin Sabet, C.E.O of Smart Approaches to Marijuana: Presents at the 20th NADCP Annual Conference

  View Video

The Marijuana-Opioid Connection

  View Video

 

HARMFUL EFFECTS

sidebar add1

 SkunkCannabis

We provide a range of tools for educators to help deal with the issues of alcohol & other drugs
We provide a range of resources to help you deal with the issues of alcohol & other drugs
Find out what is happening in the world of alcohol & other drugs
Check out our selection of video clips on various topics

 Need Help?

  • Looking for help or at least thinking you really might need it?
  • Feeling a bit lost and alone and running out of options?
  • Maybe you're even thinking there is no way out?
  • well, you don't have to hit bottom to start looking for better options, pick up the phone and talk to somone who gives a damn.

Contact Help Line today...

Call 03 9583 2273 most times

Address:
PO Box 7005,
Dandenong, Vic, 3175
Telephone: 1300 975 002

Powered by Dalgarno Institute

logo header