- Hits: 1793
In recent decades the range and patterns of opioids used for extra-medical purposes have changed. The use of pharmaceutical opioids exceeds the use of heroin. In 2017, 63 percent of opioid deaths were attributed exclusively to pharmaceutical opioids, 28 percent to illicit opioids and 8 percent to both illicit and pharmaceutical opioids (aged 15-64 years).
The objective of this report was to estimate the social costs arising from extra-medical opioid use in Australia for the financial year 2015/16. Due to data limitations in most cases we only estimated the costs occurring in this 12-month period. For example, on-going care of chronic conditions was not included. The exceptions to this were for certain harms which occurred in 2015/16 but which had longer-term ramifications, for example premature deaths, where discounted streams of future costs (lost economic activity and lost contributions to household chores) and partially offsetting savings (future health expenditure ’avoided’ by premature deaths) were estimated. The authors also included the long-term costs of road traffic accidents, as were the expected future costs of opioid attributable imprisonment for those sentenced in 2015/16.
For complete report go to APO - Quantifying the social costs of pharmaceutical opioid misuse
Policy Reflection – Dalgarno Institute: The misuse of OST (Opioid Substitute Treatments) or MAT (Medically Assisted Treatments) or any other pharmaceutical displacement mechanism that does not have a sunset clause to usage, will continue to be a major contributor to both morbidity and mortality. This can either occur over a longer time simply due to the toxic nature of persistent opioid use on the human biological unit; or short term, by direct misuse of the legal opioid for ‘recreational’ or self-harming purposes, by either the client or their network.
This growing issue continues to be overlooked or deliberately discounted by certain sectors. Which means that this, arguably well-meaning, but poorly implemented ‘harm reduction’ mechanism continues to add to the drug using cohort and the increasing harms this ‘pairing’ collectively bring.
The net result of a no-exit, perpetual use of opioids, whether licit or illicit, only causes harm, the very thing the policy pillar was supposed to reduce.
If sunset clauses and exit strategies are not harnessed to these chemical mechanisms, then we will only see these harms grow, along with an ever-burgeoning pressure and cost to the health-care system. This is not best practice health care, and no longer rates as a positive ‘net community benefit’ economic rationale either.
Reducing drug use is the primary objective of the National Drug Strategy, and in both its intent and specifics does not promote, or we would argue, condone this policy and people failing measure.
Drug use exiting recovery is not only possible, but consistently achieved when actively facilitated in its best practice format too.
We will leave you with a very provocative quote (now 14 years old) but perhaps even more relevant today? A statement that could have only been published then, but with the ‘cancel culture outrage’ in play at present, may well be ignored now and for the very reasons it confronts.
“The medical profession and the addicted community have a complex, symbiotic, mutually dependent relationship that does none of us any good. Basically, they pretend to be ill and we pretend to treat them. And thousands of public employees make a good living out of it. Prescribing for opiate addicts is like throwing petrol on a fire; pointless, counterproductive, stupid, self-defeating. And yet we keep doing it.”
Dr Phil Peverley, PULSE, 22 June 2006
- Hits: 1741
The school year can be really stressful for teens. Whether they’re getting adjusted to a new school (or, now, all-day online classes) or trying to balance their assignments with their social life, the pressure can become overwhelming.
Unfortunately, some young people turn to unhealthy ways to deal with stress— like abusing stimulants and other drugs. According to a DrugFree.org article, stress damages the brain, causing your teen to be more vulnerable to drug addiction. These are seven healthy, drug-free ways your teen can destress.
- Hits: 1934
Research also shows that “Effective modulation of the stress response is an essential component of resilience and is dependent on a complex interplay of neurobiological and behavioral factors.”11 We may come to find that reducing significant stress among vulnerable groups is one of the most important behavioral, prevention, and public health goals. Stress is certainly a major cause of drug and alcohol craving.12 It also causes a drive for relief, which is often seen as the proximal event in relapse. Prevention efforts focused on high-stress system risk individuals (e.g., trauma, early life adversity, psychiatric co-morbidity, PTSD, genetic, family history) may be a way to make these otherwise arcane dopamine-pleasure system data useful to people today.
- Hits: 1980
Hard Truths About Today's CBD Products, Websites, and Financial Activity Potency Gaps, Carcinogens, High Heavy Metal Levels — LegitScript Study Reveals Even More
LegitScript reviewed hundreds of CBD websites for regulatory compliance, tested dozens of products for potency and safety, and investigated financial activity behind the transactions.
A peek at just some of the findings revealed:
- 67% of tested CBD products had massive potency deviations
- 7% of tested CBD products contained harmful heavy metals or solvents
- 98% of surveyed CBD merchants were operating out of compliance
Download the full 40-page report today to get all the details, including types of noncompliance, actual potency amounts, and high-risk financial activity happening behind-the-scenes. https://www.legitscript.com/dl/cbd-study/
- Hits: 1991
The Dutch government and Dutch society failed to realize the country had moved from consuming drugs to producing them, and on a global scale.
“I have grave concerns about the disruption that addictive drugs are causing. The drug economy undermines every aspect of society and threatens the legitimate economy. But it also threatens our standards, our values and our security.”
Dutch minister of Justice and Security, Ferdinand Grapperhaus