National drug strategy household survey detailed report: 2013
The 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey collected information from almost 24,000 people across Australia on their tobacco, alcohol and illicit drug use, attitudes and opinions.
In July 2014, the AIHW released key national findings from the survey which showed:
Smoking—a significant decline in daily smoking between 2010 and 2013 (from 15.1% to 12.8%); younger people are delaying the take up of smoking; and smokers reduced the average number of cigarettes smoked per week.
Alcohol—fewer people in Australia drank alcohol in harmful quantities in 2013; the proportion of young people abstaining from alcohol rose; and there was a decline in alcohol-related victimisation.
Illicit use of drugs—declines in use of some illegal drugs in 2013, including ecstasy, heroin and GHB; while meth/amphetamine use did not increase, there was a change in the main form used with ice (or crystal methamphetamine) replacing powder; and there was a rise in the misuse of pharmaceuticals. (Download PDF)
The Rise and Fall of Cocaine High in Brain
Two new apps online and trending!
KICK ON http://www.kickon.com/
LIVR http://livr-app.com/ - You have to be DRUNK to access the app! (comes with own breathalyser. Has a ‘black out’ button will ensure that you can go ‘nuts’ and if you’ve blacked out and got messed up and it’s all recorded, you can ‘black it out’
The Cannabis Conundrum!
Busting the Myth That Marijuana Doesn't Kill in 1 minute
“Vaping” – The Transformation of Marijuana
Marijuana Use from Middle to High School: Co-occurring Problem Behaviors, Teacher-Rated Academic Skills and Sixth-Grade Predictors (Download PDF)
Conclusion: This study contributes substantively to understanding marijuana use among adolescents. First, using marijuana was not an isolated or benign event in the life of adolescents. Over a 7 year period, it was associated with multiple negative behaviors, such as alcohol use, smoking and physical aggression. As clearly described in problem behavior theory, multiple health-compromising behaviors tend to co-exist and engagement in one behavior will strongly predict engagement in others. With cigarette smoking and physical aggression as predictors in sixth grade of marijuana use, early adolescence is a salient time to intervene. Marijuana prevention efforts should address multiple substance use and risk behaviors at this period of an adolescent’s life. Increased parental monitoring and feedback from teachers about students’ behavior are effective approaches to decreasing substance use and antisocial behavior (Connell et al. 2007). Interventions that involve parents, schools and community media show promise in preventing marijuana and other drug use for adolescents (Porath-Waller et al. 2010; Riggs et al. 2006; Slater et al. 2006). Finally, based on independent measures of school performance (annual teacher ratings using nationally normed scales and high school dropout records), the findings clearly show that adolescents who used marijuana had worse academic performance. Low study skills, attention problems, and learning problems were present even when marijuana use was very low, suggesting that other problems in the life of adolescents may be influencing youth into a path of problem behaviors.
Second hand Pot Smoke Can Give Not Good For Heart: Blood vessel function in laboratory rats dropped by 70 percent after a half-hour of exposure to second hand marijuana smoke -- similar to results found with secondhand tobacco smoke, researchers from the University of California, San Francisco reported Sunday. Reduced blood vessel function can increase a person's risk of developing hardened arteries, which could lead to a heart attack.
Predictors of onset of cannabis and other drug use in male young adults: results from a longitudinal study.
Haug S1, Núñez CL, Becker J, Gmel G, Schaub MP.
RESULTS: Not providing for oneself, having siblings, depressiveness, parental divorce, lower parental knowledge of peers and the whereabouts, peer pressure, very low nicotine dependence, and sensation seeking were positively associated with the onset of cannabis use. Practising religion was negatively associated with the onset of cannabis use. Onset of drug use other than cannabis showed a positive association with depressiveness, antisocial personality disorder, lower parental knowledge of peers and the whereabouts, psychiatric problems of peers, problematic cannabis use, and sensation seeking.